Maths Skills Progression



Maths Calculation Policy                                                                           

Concrete- Pictorial- Abstract

The principle of the concrete-pictorial-abstract approach is that for children to a have a true understanding of a mathematical concept, they need to master all three phases.

Concrete is the ‘doing’ stage. Pupils will use a variety of different objects to explore mathematical concepts and model concepts.

Pictorial is the ‘seeing’ stage where visual representations of concrete objects are used to help students visualise problems.

Abstract is the ‘symbolic’ stage. After achieving a solid understanding of the previous two stages, abstract concepts (such as mathematical symbols) will be introduced.

Reinforcement is achieved by going back and forth between these representations. For example, if a child is working abstractly, they may be asked to prove their answer using concrete or pictorial representations. For the purposes of the children we ask them to ‘show their answer’ or ‘prove their answer’


Daily Maths Lesson

We have invested in the White Rose scheme which gives children an opportunity to develop fluency, reasoning and problem-solving skills in a methodical way. The steps enable children to build on pre-existing knowledge, creating a secure understanding of mathematical concepts. Children are taught using a range of concrete materials and pictorial diagrams to teach new skills before applying these to a range of reasoning and problem-solving questions. Math’s vocabulary is displayed and discussed in order that it can be used to solve problems as well as discussing solutions.

Below you will find details of the White Rose calculation policy:

White Rose Calculation Policy


White Rose Guidance Document


White Rose Progression of Skills




Click me to play Mathletics

At Leverton maths homework is set online using ‘Mathletics’, every pupil will have their own personal login. Mathletics is tailored to the curriculum for each and every year group and so is  the children’s homework. It is assigned by their teacher and is set weekly. For those that have difficulties accessing this at home, there are opportunities for completing their homework throughout the school week including a homework club on Tuesday evening after school.

Children can use this freely to revise what they choose to throughout the year however if they have an uncompleted assigned homework. Mathletics will not let them use the site freely until that homework has been competed.



Click me to play TTRockstars

TTRockstars is an online resource that each child has a personal account for. It is aimed at improving the mental recall of times tables facts.

Children as young as Year 1 have an account for this (although it is not a compulsory part of their curriculum) as they will be learning to count in 2s and 10s but also need to begin to ‘link’ the symbol of ‘x’ as ‘abstract’ learners.

Children in Year 2 will need to learn their 2, 5 and 10 times tables by the end of the year. Knowing this at a secure enough level includes division facts (e.g. 35 divided by 5 = 7) as this demonstrates a secure understanding of times tables enabling them to apply this knowledge to different situations. For instance, they should be able to demonstrate 7 x 5 = 35; 7 groups of 5 =

35; and be able to answer questions such as, if there are 7 tables each sitting 5 people, how many are in the room?

Children in Year 3 will need to learn their 3s, 4s and 8s times tables by the end of this year. If they have not got a secure understanding of their 2s, 5s and 10s from Year 2 they will continue learning and practising these. This also includes division facts such as 24 divided by 3 = 8.

By the end of Year 4, our children should have a secure understanding of all their times tables up to 12 x 12, including all the division facts (e.g. 48 divided by 6 = 8). From 2020 onwards, children will sit an online multiplication check in Year 4 comprising of 25 random times tables questions. Children will have 6 seconds to work out each answer and input it into the keyboard. It is important therefore that our children have a quick recall of multiplication facts. Regular practice on TTRockstars will help children to achieve these outcomes.


99 Club

’99 club’ is run as a weekly mental maths competition, where each child has 5 minutes to complete their challenge, which is fine-tuned to their current level. To ‘move on’ they must get 100% correct. Both speed and accuracy are important.

All children start on the ’11 club’ at the beginning of each year group. This means they have to answer 11 questions correctly to move on to ’22 club’. ’22 club’ contains 22 questions in five minutes, ’33 club’ is 33 questions in five minutes and so on. Children should aim to complete 99 club by the end of their year.

Completing ’99 club’ each week allows us to continuously use and revise all the different aspects of maths on a weekly basis. It doesn’t just test times tables. We can test addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, fractions, decimals, percentages, BODMAS, highest common factor and lowest common factor, rounding to the nearest 10, 100 and 1000, < and > etc. Using these maths skills weekly reinforces these concepts and helps the children gain a secure understanding.